What roles did camels play in the silk road trade?

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Date created: Sun, Apr 18, 2021 12:40 PM

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đź’„ What roles did camels play in silk road trade goods?

Silk Road. The silk road was the route used by the traders when trading their goods during the silk road trade. It was used to connect the East and the West that is China and the East of Europe.

đź’„ What roles did camels play in silk road trade items?

Today Zhang Qian's travels are associated with the major route of transcontinental trade, the Silk Road. In essence, his missions opened up to China the many kingdoms and products of a part of the world then unknown to the Chinese. Today Zhang Qian is considered a national hero and revered for the key role he played in opening China to the world of ...

đź’„ What roles did camels play in silk road trade map?

What role did Camels play in Silk Road trade? Adapted to the harsh desert conditions of Central Asia and the Middle East, camels made ideal pack animals for travel along the Silk Road. These hardy creatures thrived on tough desert plants. They could carry more weight than horses or donkeys–as much as 300 pounds (136 […]

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During the silk road trade, camels were used as a mode of transport to travel through the silk roads and to carry the luxury goods from one place to the other since camels can travel long ...

Important as horses were, the camel was arguably of far greater significance in the history of the Silk Road. Domesticated as long ago as the fourth millennium BCE, by the first millennium BCE camels were prominently depicted on Assyrian and Achaemenid Persian carved reliefs and figured in Biblical texts as indicators of wealth.

Most travel along the Silk Road occurred in the form of caravans, with the camel being the desired animal of choice. Due to its ability to handle vast distances and difficult terrain, the camel was ideal for the job. Traders often travelled in large caravans in an attempt to withstand raiders who might seek to steal the goods from the caravan.

Fittingly the ship was the camel, when the organized trade started around the 2 nd century AD. It had the Han china on one end, Parthian Persia in the middle - the westerly connections to the Romans and the Egyptians. The establishment of the Silk Road made the travel organized and the movement of gold, silk and spices smooth.

During the silk road camels were commonly used for transportation. They helped caravans travel miles of deserts and mountains. By getting the caravans across they helped trade with the countries like India, Middle east, Europe etc. The camels also spread religion such as Buddhism and Islam. Without the help of camels the silk road would not be possible.

In China, the awareness of the value of the camel was heightened by the interactions between the Han and the Huns toward the end of the first millennium B.C. when camels were listed among the animals taken captive on military campaigns or sent as diplomatic gifts or objects of trade in exchange for Chinese silk. Bactrian camels with two humps and two coats of hair were commonly used on the Silk Road to carry goods.

Camel trains have also long been used in portions of trans-Asian trade, including the Silk Road. As late as the early twentieth century, camel caravans played an important role connecting the Beijing/Shanxi region of eastern China with Mongolian centers (Urga, Uliastai, Kobdo) and Xinjiang. The routes went across Inner and Outer Mongolia.

For example, the Han Chinese used camels captured from the Xiongnu to carry military supplies. Camels could withstand the harsh desert conditions through central Asia and were also able to carry up to 500 pounds at a time! Pack animals—especially camels—made the transportation of goods over land on the Silk Road viable.

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"Bactrian Camels and Bactrian-Dromedary Hybrids," The Silk Road 3/1(2005). Rossabi, Morris. "The Tea and Horse Trade with Inner Asia during the Ming," Journal of Asian History , 4/2 (1970): 136-168.

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